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U.S. Department of Agriculture

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) provide leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, nutrition, and related issues based on public policy, the best available science, and effective management. USDA have a vision to provide economic opportunity through innovation, helping rural America to thrive; to promote agriculture production that better nourishes Americans while also helping feed others throughout the world; and to preserve our Nation's natural resources through conservation, restored forests, improved watersheds, and healthy private working lands.

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    • सितम्बर 2019
      Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 30 अक्तूबर, 2019
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      Improving agricultural productivity has been the world's primary means of assuring that the needs of a growing population don't outstrip the ability of humanity to supply food. Over the past 50 years, productivity growth in agriculture has allowed food to become more abundant and cheaper (see Growth in Global Agricultural Productivity: An Update, Amber Waves, November 2013, and New Evidence Points to Robust But Uneven Productivity Growth in Global Agriculture, Amber Waves, September 2012). A broad concept of agricultural productivity is total factor productivity (TFP). TFP takes into account all of the land, labor, capital, and material resources employed in farm production and compares them with the total amount of crop and livestock output. If total output is growing faster than total inputs, we call this an improvement in total factor productivity ("factor" = input). TFP differs from measures like crop yield per acre or agricultural value-added per worker because it takes into account a broader set of inputs used in production. TFP encompasses the average productivity of all of these inputs employed in the production of all crop and livestock commodities. "Growth accounting" provides a practicable way of measuring changes in agricultural TFP across a broad set of countries and regions, and for the world as a whole, given limited international data on production outputs, inputs, and their economic values. The approach (described in detail in Documentation and Methods) gives agricultural TFP growth rates, but not TFP levels, across the countries and regions of the world in a consistent, comparable way. Most of the data for the analysis comes from FAOSTAT. In some cases Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) input and output data are supplemented with data from national statistical sources. Note: To facilitate international comparisons, certain simplifying assumptions must be made, and as such the estimates of TFP growth reported here may not be exactly the same as TFP growth estimates reported in other studies using different assumptions or methods. In particular, our TFP estimates for the United States differ slightly from those reported in ERS' Agricultural Productivity in the U.S. data product.
    • दिसम्बर 2018
      Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture
      Uploaded by: Knoema
      Accessed On: 26 दिसम्बर, 2018
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      The International Macroeconomic Data Set provides historical and projected data for 189 countries that account for more than 99 percent of the world economy. These macroeconomic data and projections are assembled explicitly to serve as underlying assumptions for the annually updated USDA agricultural supply and demand projections, which provide a 10-year outlook on U.S. and global agriculture. The macroeconomic projections describe the long-term scenario that is used as a benchmark for analyzing the impacts of alternative scenarios and macroeconomic shocks.  The projections assume there are no changes in policy and abstract from business cycle effects.  Historical data are available for real (inflation-adjusted) gross domestic product (GDP), inflation, population, and real exchange rates from 1969 to the most recent available year, and each variable is projected forward to 2030.
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    • अप्रैल 2019
      Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture
      Uploaded by: Sandeep Reddy
      Accessed On: 08 मई, 2019
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      International baseline projections indicate supply, demand, and trade for major agricultural commodities for selected countries. These projections provide foreign country detail supporting the annual USDA agricultural baseline, which are long run, 10-year projections. Baseline in this dataset is year 2019. For commodities: Barley, Corn, Cotton, Rice, Sorghum, Soybeans, Soybean meal, Soybean Oil and Wheat, Data is based on local marketing years. Date 2028/27 is represented as 2028 World is sum of all countries and regions modeled. World imports for the first two years may differ somewhat from those in last November's USDA World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report in order to balance imports and exports. World imports do not equal exports in WASDE due to differences in marketing years, time lags between reported exports and imports, and reporting discrepancies in some countries. For commodities: Beef, Pork, Poultry, Data is based on calendar year.World is sum of all countries and regions modeled. World totals for the first three Years differ from those in last October's USDA Livestock and Poultry: World Markets and Trade report because some countries are included here that are not covered in USDA’s official database.

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