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Viz of the day

Negative Prices for Energy in Europe Reveal Infrastructure Gaps If energy prices are a reliable indicator, then power grids even in green-friendly Europe are not yet ready for a comprehensive transition to renewable energy. Due to lagging investment and development of storage technologies for renewable power, unseasonably sunny and windy periods across Europe continue to lead to imbalances in power supply and demand that result a bizarre phenomenon: negative energy prices.Electricity prices in several European countries, including Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the UK, have dipped below zero several times in 2018 alone, according to EPEX Spot, a large European power trading exchange.Germany should be the trend setter across Europe for investment in technology to harness...

Renewable energy resources have increasingly become mainstream sources of energy worldwide, catapulted by new capacity in developing countries. Depending on the source, renewable energy has or is poised to surpass coal to become the world's largest source of electrical power capacity. The International Energy Agency (IEA) in its most recent medium-term renewable market report said that this transition occurred last year, while according to the latest energy outlook by the US Energy Information...

Renewable Energy

The Gender Inequality Index (GII) reflects women’s disadvantage in three dimensions—reproductive health, empowerment and the labour market—for as many countries as data of reasonable quality allow. The index shows the loss in human development due to inequality between female and male achievements in these dimensions. It ranges from 0, which indicates that women and men fare equally, to 1, which indicates that women fare as poorly as possible in all measured dimensions. The health dimension is...

Gender Inequality Index around the world

"The Reporters Without Borders index, which is published each year, measures the state of media freedom throughout the world. It reflects the degree of freedom that journalists, news media and netizens enjoy in each country, and the efforts made by the authorities to respect and ensure respect for this freedom." - the Press Freedom Index Report 2011-2012. The lower Press Freedom Index, the more free the state of media.

Press Freedom in the World

What makes economy grow? Although known basic answers stay conceptual and not measurable, the theory of production function proposes some kind of post factum estimates. In accordance with it, capital, labor and productivity totally account for the growth of economy during any defined period. By selecting a country in the drop-down window at the right, you will see what factors contributes to economic growth of the selected country. Explore with EU KLEMS and Knoema whether it's the amount of...

Contribution to Economic Growth

Texas, California, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Florida produce 31.5% of all fossil fuel CO2 emissions in the US.Select indicator in the drop-down window at the right to visualize it on the map.Then click on any state on the map to see at the chart how emissions canged since 1960.

Estimates of Annual Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emitted for Each State in the U.S.A.

According to FAO, more developed countries have higher food losses and waste at final consimption, compared to developing world. A quarter of consumed cereals, near 20% of roots & tubers, fruits & vegetables, 17% of fish & seafood, about 10% of meat and milk, 4% of oilseeds & pulses are lost as a waste in more developed countries at a stage of final consumption.

Weight percentages of food losses and waste by World Regions

Proportion of urban population in developing world increased by 10 percentage points during 1990-2010 and reached 45% in 2010. Income growth reduced the proportion of urban population living in slums from 46% in 1990 to 33% in 2010. Nevertheless, population living in slums continues to grow and in 2010 it amounted to 828 million people (+171 million since 1990). More than half of increase comes from Sub-Saharan Africa, where population living in slums grew by 97 million from 1990.

Proportion of urban population living in slums, 1990-2010

Do you know which of the US states consume more energy, where is the lowest price for electricity or what is the amount of consumed fuel ethanol by US State? Explore US Regional Energy Statistics form EIA. Global Energy Statistics More Energy Statistics for the U.S. ...

US Regional Energy Statistics

Politics has long been considered as a 'man's world.' Even today, women remain significantly underrepresented in legislative and executive branches of government globally despite research that suggests a strong connection between women in leadership and economic and democratic gains. Today one-fifth of the world's parliamentarians and less than one quarter of national leaders are women. Rwanda, Cuba and Bolivia have the highest share of women parliamentarians, however, Europe has...

Women in Parliament Around the Globe

No matter your perspective on global warming, data confirms immense growth of CO2 emissions during the period from 1753-2004, from 3 million to 4.2 billion metric tons of carbon. China and the United States combined are responsible for almost 40 percent of today's global CO2 emissions.On a per capita basis, US CO2 emissions stabilized at 5 metric tons per person in the early 1980s. In contrast, China's per capita CO2 emissions are relatively low at 1.4 metric tons. Such per capita...

Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

According to African Economic Outlook (AEO), released at the end of May, 2012, African economy will perform solid and stable expansion in 2012-2013. AEO projects that economic growth in Africa will accelerate to 4.5% in 2012 and even to 4.8% in 2013. Among the largest African economies Nigeria, Angola and Ethiopia will show booming (7% and above) GDP growth rates. Click on any country in the table to see its GDP growth rates during 2003-2011 and projections for 2012-2013.

Short view on the African Economy

Africa is a continent with 1 billion people, which have an average income about $250 per person in a month. African population is young and fast growing. More then 40% of people are under 14 years old and average annual growth of population is 2.3%. On average, every African women has more than 4 children. Only 16% of population use internet. No more them 64% are provided by water supply and less then 40% of population have sanitation facilities. Life expectancy at birth of average African...

Quick Stats on Africa

In 1950 New York with its 12.3 million people was the largest urban agglomeration. It was followed by Tokyo (11.3 mln.), London (8.4 mln.), Paris (6.3 mln.) and Moscow (5.4 mln.). Only 4 cities from the former top 10 stay there 60 years later. Population of Tokyo more than trippled (reached almost 37 millions in 2010) and now it is the largest urban agglomeration on Earth. Population of New York increased by 8 millions since 1950, and now it is the fouth largest urban agglomeration. New...

Population of Urban Agglomerations (millions)

The USA has the highest research and development expenditures in the world. In 2008 it was almost $400 billions or 2.8% of GDP. The gap between the U.S. and other countries is essential. The rest from the top five (Japan, China, Germany and France) only taken together spend as much as the U.S. The model of R&D expenditures differs from country to country. For example, expenditures on basic research account for 17% in total R&D expenditures in the U.S. compared to only 5% in...

R&D Expenditures

According to The World Bank Poverty and Inequality Statistics, more than 1200 million people live on less than $1.25 a day (on a PPP basis). It means that every fifth person in the world lives in extreme poverty.Click on the country on the map to get data on number of poors and inequality level.

Poverty in the World

According to the latest BP Statistical Review of World Energy, total global reserves, by fossil fuel, are now: Coal - 1,139 billion tonnes Natural Gas - 187 trillion cubic meters Crude Oil - 1,707 billion barrels While these volumes may seem large at a glance, at today's level of extraction and production rates, BP's estimated proved reserves*, by fossil fuel, would be exhausted as follows: Coal - year 2169 Natural Gas - year 2068 Crude Oil - year 2066 BP dutifully acknowledges the...

BP: World Reserves of Fossil Fuels

During last 3 decades fertility rate decreased from 3.7 to 2.5 children per woman. Why do woman give less births today compared to 90s and 80s? Actually there are many different reasons. And one of them is education. The more women are engaged in education the less is the fertility rate. The highest fertility rates now are in African countries, where only about 20% of women get secondary education. On the contrary, in developed countries, where school enrollment rate among women is almost 100%,...

Fertility rate and school enrollment among women

Which countries have the healthiest diets? Food poverty is about the inability to afford and/or access food in sufficient quantity and of required quality and it is pervasive, regardless of the income per capita of a population. Ideally, food intake should be balanced, which implies access to fresh vegetables and fruits, grains, proteins (meats and beans), dairy products, and healthy oils while minimizing or reducing consumption of alcohol, salt, and sugar. For a variety of reasons, income...

Difference of Daily Diet Across Countries

According to common sense, the more time you spend at work, the higher earnings you hope to get. Cross country comparison shows opposite result. The higher is the number of hours worked by employees, the smaller are their wages. For example, Greece, with its 5.5 hours, is among top 10 countries having the longest work day. Nevertheless, per capita income in Greece much lower compared to Netherlands, Germany, Norway, France or Luxemburg, where one employee works no more than 4 hours per day....

The more you work the higher your earnings?

Decline in demand during world economic crisis of 2008-2009 has caused troubles for many car producers especially in the United States, Europe and Japan. Nevertheless, global long term prospects for automotive industry remain promising. Cars sales in emerging countries are well below the level of saturation. In India and China, where lives almost 40% of world population, there are only 12 and 34 passenger cars per 1000 population, respectively.

Prospects of car production in the world

Brent crude oil prices will average $72.8 per barrel in 2018 and to $73.7 per barrel in 2019, according to the most recent forecast from the US Energy Information Administration's monthly Short-Term Energy Outlook (EIA). This reflects an upward revision of $9.5/barrel to the EIA forecast for 2018 compared to last month's Outlook. The OECD Economic Outlook as of May 2018 was less bullish, pegging the real price of a barrel of Brent oil— i.e. price adjusted for inflation—at $69.4/barrel in...

Crude Oil Price Forecast: 2018, 2019 and Long Term to 2030

It is interesting that there is no relationship between actual level of corruption in the country and how people assess government's actions in the fight against corruption. In such a "clean" from corruption countries like Finland, Norway, Switzerland or Canada over 50% of respondents assess government's actions in the fight against corruption as ineffective. Similarly people estimate their governments in much more corrupted countries like Russia, China and Brazil. One conclusion that...

Assessment and measurement of corruption

About 3% of world population are international migrants. The United States has the highest stock of international migrants, which increased from 23.3 in 1990 to 42.8 million people in 2010. Russia, Germany, Saudi Arabia and Canada follow the U.S. in terms of international migrants stock. In 2010 the outflow of international migrants from India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, China and Mexico taken together amounted to 11 million people. The majority of international migrants is a cheap and low qualified...

Quick Facts on International Migration

More than four years in a row (2009-2012) unemployment in the US exceeded 8%. After the unemployment rate reached its peak of 10% in October 2009, it decreased by 5 percentage points so far and stayed at 5% in March 2016. Unemployment in California, which accounts for about 13% of total US GDP, is 5.5%.

Unemployment in the United States. Regional Breakdown

Volume of crude steel production in China increased to 709 million metric tonnes in 2012, which was almost half of all crude steel produced in the world. The other largest producers (Japan, United States, India, Russia and South Korea) taken together, in 2012 produced 407 million metric tonnes of crude steel, which is equal to 27% of world production. During 2000-2012 production of crude still in China grew more than 6 times. Annual growth during last eleven years was about 18%. Per capita...

World Crude Steel Production

In theory, exports from country A to country B reported by country A should be equal to imports of country B from country A reported by country B. The reality is not so ideal. For example, lets compare data on Russian imports, reported by Russia, to data on exports to Russia, reported by Russian trade partners. Russia reported that its imports from China and Germany were $48.2 bln. and $38.5 bln. in 2011. At the same time China and Germany reported that their exports to Russia were $38.9 bln....

Discrepancies in International Trade Data

Growing world population, global food demand and the lack of extensive factors of production push food and agriculture producers to find a new ways to increase output. According to USDA, private agriculture research and development (R&D) expenditures, increased from $6.9 billions in 2000 to $11 billions in 2010. R&D expenditures for crop seed & biotechnology, crop protection chemicals and farm machinery account for about 85% of total private R&D expenditures in the world. Try...

Private R&D Expenditures on Agriculture Worldwide

Official statistics for any country reflect registered, transparent economic transactions, by default failing to capture the full breadth of economic activity that can emanate from the "shadow economy." The so called shadow economy is any economic activity that is deliberately concealed from public authorities to avoid payment of income, value added or other taxes; to avoid payment of social security contributions; having to meet certain legal labour market standards, such as minimum wages,...

How big is the shadow economy?

Food is a basic human need. And we tried to estimate how much do people pay for food in different countries. It appeared that food availability significantly varies across countries. In general, price of 1000 Kcal goes up inline with per capita income. For example, in Greece, Belarus, Croatia, Japan and Macedonia people pay $2.8 (based on PPP) for 1000 Kcal. At the same time in Nigeria, Uzbekistan, China India and Kenya the price of 1000 kcal is less then $0.7. It is interesting, that the U.S....

Availability of food across countries

The $9.7 trillion global shadow economy is the second largest economy in the world after the United States, according to the 2010 estimates of the black market for 162 countries. Still, as for the more recent study, the size of the underground economy in European and other OECD countries have been decreasing steadily since 2009 and continued shrinking in 2015 averaging to 16.7 percent of official GDP. But this development was not uniform across individual countries: 10 out of 36 OECD countries...

The Shadow Economy in Europe and OECD Countries in 2003-2015

In 2009 China has become the largest merchandise exporter in the world. In 2011 Chinese exports of goods accounted for more than 10% of world merchandise exports. Still comparably low labor costs and underestimated value of yuan make it more profitable to produce goods in China and import them to domestic markets all over the world.

World Merchandise Trade

It appears that Chinese bees produce 25 % of all honey in the world. In 2010 they collected almost 400 thousand tones of honey or about 300g of honey per Chinese citizen.

The most honeyed country in the world

According to LINK Global Economic Outlook, published in June 2012, GDP of the European Union will not grow in 2012. In 2011 20% of the world GDP were produced in the European Union, which accounted for more than one third of world imports. It means that the recession in the European Union will inevitably cause the deceleration of the global economy.

Recession in the European Union and Global Economy

Age at first marriage varies significantly across countries. In general the higher is per capita income, the older are people who get married at first time. In developed European Countries like Germany, France, Italy, Sweeden, Norway and Finland the age at first marriage exceeds 30 years. On the other hand in low income African countries the age at first marriage is between 17-20 years for females and 23-25 years for males.

Age at first marriage

Following the recommendation of experts gathered in the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) Round Table on hunger measurement, hosted at FAO headquarters in September 2011, an initial set of indicators aiming to capture various aspects of food insecurity is presented on the dashboard. "High incomes, low spending on food relative to other outlays, and significant investment in agricultural research and development (R&D) put these countries at the top of the rankings. Sub-Saharan African...

Global Food Security

The population of China currently exceeds the population of India by approximately 70 million, according to estimates from the United Nations. The UN's World Population Prospects report puts the population of China at 1.38 billion, compared to 1.31 billion for India. Other sources' estimates of current population range from 1.37 to 1.40 billion for China and from 1.28 to 1.31 billion for India. Just as current population estimates differ, so do forecasts as to when the difference in the...

When will India have more people than China?

Nowadays China has become number one world exporter of personal electronic devises. In 2010 Chinese export of personal computers amounted to almost $150 billion, which was 6 times higher compared to the United States. Major byers of Chinese personal computers are the U.S., Hong-Kong, Netherlands, Germany and Japan.

Largest Exporters of Personal Electronic Devices

Due to the worst drought in the U.S. since 1956 and unfavorable weather conditions in the Black Sea region, world grain prices jumped in July. International Grain Counsil announced that its Grains and Oilseeds Index reached all-time high on July, 20th. If the situation around world grain supply continue deteriorate, people in poor and developing countries can suffer from increasing food prices as food expenditures in many low income countries exceeds 30% and even 40% of final consumption...

Growing Grain Prices

To identify the healthiest countries in the world, Bloomberg Rankings created health scores and health-risk scores for countries with populations of at least 1 million. The risk score was subtracted from the health score to determine the country's rank. Five-year averages, when available, were used to mitigate some of the short-term year-over-year swings.

The World's Healthiest Countries

According to the Freedom House's report "Freedom in the world 2012", 35.2% (or 2.45 billion) of people in the world are NOT free in terms of political and civil rights. Diagonal of unfree countries on the world map goes from Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba in Latin and Central America, through Central Africa and Middle East to Asian countries including China.

Political Rights and Civil Liberties

The 2012-2013 Global Competitiveness Report from The World Economic Forum says that Switzerland has remained to be the most competitive economy since 2009. The United States vice versa has been losing its competitivenes positions after the world financial crisis. In 2012 the U.S. economy became only seventh in the ranking of competitiveness.

The United States loses competitiveness

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, District of Columbia has the highest homicide rate amongst the U.S. states (23.3 homicides per 100 000 inhabitants). Among other most unsafe states are Louisiana (13.2), Mississippi (10.2), Alabama (9.8) and New Mexico (8.3). Most safely you can feel if you are white and you are in Minnesota or New Hampshir.

Personal Safety in the U.S.

Since 2006 China has become the world's largest holder of foreign exchange reserves (including gold). By the end of 2011 Chinese foreign exchange reserves increased to 3.2 trillion US$ and accounted for almost one third of foreign exchange reserves accumulated in the world. The amount of accumulated reserves allows China to pay for its imports during almost 2 years, without selling goods abroad.

International Reserves Across Countries

Every year almost 2 million people in the world die due to AIDS, from which 1.2 million in Africa. Prevalence of HIV over the world has been decreasing since 2003. During 2003-2009 prevalence of HIV among population ages 15-49 declined from 1.04% to 0.78%. Nevertheless, low income and especially African countries continue to suffer from HIV/AIDS.

HIV/AIDS in the World

Beautiful and interesting cities with rich histories can be found around the world. Unfortunately, some cities are set apart not by their beauty or history but the relative safety of tourists in those cities. How can you know if a city is safe to visit? You may want to leave emotion and sentiment aside in favor of more objective data from the likes of international agencies such as UNODC or step into another's shoes and review experience-based data sources such as Numbeo. Numbeo publishes...

Crime in Major Cities Around the World

People in Honduras, Salvador, Jamaica, Venezuela, and Guatemala have the highest probability to be shot and killed. A comparison between the rate of homicide by firearms and socio-economic indicators shows a correlation between high rates of income inequality and higher rates of homicide by firearms. Countries with GINI coefficients exceeding 0.45 are at higher risk of homicide by firearm.

Crime Statistics: Gun Violence and Income Inequality

On 16 March 2013, the EU and IMF agreed a €10 billion deal with Cyprus to receive money from the EU-IMF. As part of the deal, a one-off bank deposit levy of 6.7% for deposits up to €100,000 and 9.9% for higher deposits, was announced on all domestic bank accounts. Cyprus is the fifth country after Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Spain to turn to the euro zone for financial help during the region's debt crisis and receive money from the EU-IMF.

Cyprus crisis

People think material prosperity predicts life evaluation and positive feeling. The new HPI results show the extent to which 151 countries across the globe produce long, happy and sustainable lives for the people that live in them. The overall index scores rank countries based on their efficiency, how many long and happy lives each produces per unit of environmental output.How do high-income Western countries compare with the countries that top the overall HPI rankings?

Wealth and happiness across the world

Costs of higher education continue to soar to new highs, while high school graduate programs promise the moon and a meteoric career. Meanwhile lots of high school graduates have forced into financial bondage to banks or even bankruptcy because of student loans.

Investment in Education

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