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Afghanistan

  • President:Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai
  • Chief Executive Officer:Dr Abdullah Abdullah
  • Capital city:Kabul
  • Languages:Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them
  • Government
  • National statistics office
  • Population:3,46,56,032 (2016)
  • Area:6,52,860 (2016)
  • GDP per capita:562 (2016)
  • GDP, billion current US$:19.5 (2016)
  • GINI index:27.82 (2008)
  • Ease of Doing Business rank:183 (2016)